Old Roads and Villages of Liverpool

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Last updated 29th February 2016
 
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Introduction
The earliest map to show Liverpool and the outlying villages and roads in detail is that by Yates and Perry: A Map of the Environs of Leverpool drawn from an Actual Survey taken in the Year 1768 by Wm. Yates and Geo. Perry. This takes us back to the long lost world of the old roads and villages surrounding a remarkably small City of Liverpool. Many of the outlying settlements predate Liverpool itself. The age of the railways was just around the corner and rapid growth of industry and housing were to follow. But just how lost is the world of the 18th century? The modern conurbation spreads over the entire area of this map and more, but plenty of clues to the past remain.
I have made a careful study this map, the c.1850 Ordnance Survey map and modern street maps and was surprised to find that almost all of the old highways and byways can be identified with current roads. In the old village locations, isolated pockets still retain some of their heritage and a number of buildings and other structures from the 18th century and earlier survive. The modern courses of old roads, especially to the south, often retain the original sandstone field boundary walls, even if reconstructed.
On the right are some 18th century views of Liverpool from the surrounding countryside that give a tantalising glimpse of the smallness of the urban area and the sudden transition into rural England. This extract from The Stranger in Liverpool, 1812, does the same in words.
  Crossing the London road we come to Low-hill, where there is nothing remarkable to detain the attention. It may, however, be noticed, that the traveller in approaching Liverpool in this direction first obtains a view of the town from this eminence, which, after a long space of level ground has been travelled, breaks suddenly upon the sight, and presents itself to considerable advantage embosomed in an extensive vale, which sweeps from the south east to the north, and accompanied with a pleasing variety of land and marine scenery.
Site Contents
This article is a detailed examination of the Yates and Perry map in the context of present day Liverpool. You may after reading it be better placed to picture how things were 250 years ago and how those times have shaped the present. I have split the Yates and Perry map into three sections for the present purposes.
1   To the North
2   To the East
3   To the South
Where possible I have used the road names that appear on the Yates and Perry map and these are distinguished, along with other named items on the map, by the use of italics. Failing that I have used road names from the 1850 Ordnance Survey where possible, otherwise the modern names. The keys to the maps should make clear how the old names relate to the modern ones. It might be worth bearing in mind that not all of the names current in 1850 would have been in use in 1768.
 
Acknowledgements
The drawings of Liverpool in 1715 and 1725 are from original works engraved by W.G. Herdman for his Pictorial Relics of Ancient Liverpool, 1843, made available by Ancestry Images, with thanks. The view from Everton was engraved from a picture by E. Dayes published in Aiken's 40 Miles Round Manchester, 1795.
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The Yates and Perry Map of 1768
Liverpool from St. James's Mount in 1715
Liverpool from St. James's Mount in 1725
Liverpool from Everton in 1795